Articles of Union of the United Grand Lodge of England

On this date in 1813, the Articles of Union of the United Grand Lodge of England were signed 

This was the agreement that united the two rival Grand Lodges of England in 1813. The articles were signed on 25th November by H.R.H. the Duke of Sussex, Grand Master of “The Moderns” and H.R.H. the Duke of Kent, Grand Master of “The Ancients”. The latter Masons-mainly Irish and Scottish had formed a rival GrandLodge of England in 1751 because they objected to certain changes in the ritual, and customs, that the Moderns had thought fit to introduce. For more than sixty years they were bitter opponents to the original Grand Lodge formed in1717. The Act of Union was finally accepted at a joint meeting of both bodies on 27th December 1813 (St. John the evangelist’s Day) and “The United Grand Lodge of Antient Free and Accepted Masons of England” came into being and has remained the sole controlling jurisdiction of English Freemasons ever since.